US EPA Activities to Support Global Coal Mine Methane Reductions Meeting of the UNECE Ad Hoc Group of Experts on Coal Mine Methane 11 October 2011 Krakow, Poland Pamela Franklin Climate Change Division U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Methane 2 Biological processes Methane is also formed when microorganisms chemically break down organic matter. This type of methane creation normally takes place at or near the earth''s surface (such as in landfills and wetlands) and
Coal mine methane (CMM) refers to methane released from the coal and surrounding rock strata due to mining activities. In underground mines, it can create an explosive hazard to coal miners, so it is removed through ventilation systems.
Coal mine methane (CMM), which refers to the process whereby methane is released during coal mining activities, and ... US EPA, 2006. Global Mitigation of Non-CO 2 Greenhouse Gases 1990-2020 (EPA Report 430-R-06-003), U.S. EPA, Washington, DC ...
Identifying Opportunities for Methane Recovery at U.S. Coal Mines: Profiles of Selected Gassy Underground Coal Mines 2002-2006 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The U.S. EPA would like to thank the U.S. Mine Safety and Health
In order to evaluate the potential for substituting recovered methane for coal in the thermal dryer, the analysis assumes that Mine C uses one ton of coal for every 150 tons of coal processed in the thermal dryer.
----- According to the International Coal Mine Methane Projects Database, developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency''s Coalbed Methane Outreach Program, as of October 2017, there have been five AMM projects in Australia.
· EPA has discretion to regulate coal mine methane - Environmental News on GHG Management In Massachusetts v.EPA, the Supreme Court found that EPA''s refusal to regulate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions had no basis in law contrast, in …
advance methane recovery and use at underground coal mines throughout the world. Underground mines are the single largest source of coal mine methane (CMM) emissions in most countries. For years, methane in coal mines was viewed as a nuisance and a
Coal mine methane (CMM) is a type of gas present in active, working mine sites. This gas is extracted from the air in the coal mine helping improve safety and preventing uncontrolled release of methane to atmosphere. CMM is a mixture of methane & air released during the process of coal mining and must be vented for safety reasons.
Coal mine methane utilization and destruction projects involve six project types in the U.S.: pipeline sales, electric generation, heater, boiler/dryer, flaring, degasification pumps, and ventilation air methane …
8. Estimating Air Toxic Emissions From Coal And Oil Combustion Sources, EPA-450/2-89-001, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, April 1989. 9. Second Review Of New Source Performance Standards For Coal Preparation 10.
· Methane has 28 times more warming potential than carbon dioxide. Coal mining is responsible for about 7 percent of all U.S. methane emissions, according to the EPA.
8.2.5 Coal Mine Methane LPDD Recommendation: "EPA or BLM could adopt regulations to control methane emissions from active and abandoned coal mines." LPDD Recommendation: "State energy agencies could strictly regulate the venting and flaring of methane from active and abandoned coal mines within their states."
Coal mine methane (CMM) is gas released from coal or surrounding rock strata duringand after coal mining. As such, it is considered a mining hazard, a greenhouse gas, and a possible energy source. CMM as a Mining Hazard. Methane is explosive in
COAL MINE METHANE INTERNATIONAL FORUM BEST PRACTICES IN COAL MINE METHANE DRAINAGE AND UTILIZATION TIANJIN, PEOPLE''S REPUBLIC OF CHINA 24 SEPTEMBER 2017 PRESENTED BY: Raymond C. Pilcher, P.G. President, RRIR,
Most CMM projects recover and use methane from coal mine gas drainage systems, which include pre-mine degasification, in-mine horizontal boreholes, and post-mining gob gas recovery. In 2015, nearly 60 percent of all U.S. CMM emissions were released through underground mine ventilation fans.
· Coal mine methane is a significant greenhouse gas source as well as a potential lost energy resource if not effectively used. In recent years, mine ventilation air (MVA) capture and use has become a key element of research and development due to comparatively larger methane emissions by MVA than other coal mine sources. Technologies have been evaluated to treat the low methane …
· Furthermore, run-of-mine coal production data as well as saleable coal production data were also obtained to correlate them with associated methane emissions. Mine methane emissions In order to assess the technical and economic feasibility of any potential VAM technology, it is necessary to acquire the mine methane emission characteristics from the mine.
Commencing in 2013, the EPA worked with Hunter Valley coal mines to rationalise air quality monitoring and implement real-time continuous monitors upwind and downwind at each mine. The EPA also worked with the (then) Office of Environment and Heritage (OEH) to develop models to predict days likely to result in high levels of dust emissions.
Assessing Emissions from Active and Abandoned Coal Mines. The gas emission zone liberates and accumulates significant amounts of coal mine methane as a by-product of active mining. In most active mines, coal mine methane is controlled by wellbores, called gob gas ventholes. Despite the presence of these wellbores, it is not possible to capture ...
NW Fuel recovers methane from the Nelms Mine No. 1 and generates power for on-site use at the neighboring Nelms Cadiz Portal Mine. Through the use of common mass-produced GM engines, the power-generating equipment developed at the Nelms Mines produces low-cost electricity by keeping capital and operating costs to a minimum.
· Overall, the EPA estimates that more than 85 percent of all U.S. coal-mine methane emissions can be eliminated at a cost of $15/ton. This cost is negligible since the health benefits alone could be as much as $240/ton of methane reduced, according to a National Academy of Sciences study.
· The U.S. EPA, in collaboration with the Global Methane Initiative and several other organizations, co-authored this paper that presents projections of global methane emissions from coal mining under different coal extraction scenarios and with increasing mining depth through 2100.
· Coal mines are major sources of controllable air pollution. They release 10 percent of national methane emissions, a greenhouse gas 30 times more potent than carbon dioxide, as well as large amounts of nitrogen dioxide, volatile organic compounds, and soot—the leading cause of premature deaths associated with air pollution. The U.S ...
EPA 430-R-18-002 Coal Mine Methane Developments in the United States Updated July 2019 Introduction Methane (CH4) emissions accounted for 10.2 percent of all United States (U.S.) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2017. 1 Coal seams often contain4,
Voluntary program has promoted recovery and use of coal mine methane since 1994 • US CMM industry is robust ~ 80% of methane from US coal mine degasification systems is recovered and used In 1993, only ~ 25% was recovered and used • US EPA
Because some readers could construe "coal mine methane" to mean pure methane, this paper will instead use the term "coal mine gas". ------- accept a royalty payment. The manpower required to market gas and ensure timely flow, deliverablity, and contract monitoring in the post-Order 636 environment has increased, but for some mines the rewards may support these additional staffing requirements.
The coal owner may further argue: 1) coalbed methane adsorbs onto the coal; 2) separation is not possible because the physical bond between the coal and the coalbed methane is so close; and 3) the coal seam is the source of and the reservoir for the coalbed
Use in Thermal Dryer Results NPV (million $) IRR Methane Used CO2 Avoided (tons) Savings from Replacing Coal Use $0.02 10.4% 0.48 Bcf 0.223 MM $17 MMBTU For the analysis, the cost of Furthermore, the market value of coal replaced with recovered methane is assumed to be $1/MM BTU.
emissions, the assumption is generally made that a fraction of the original methane remains in the coal after mining, and that this is emitted completely to the atmosphere during post-mining operations. Creedy estimated that 40 percent of the methane contained